Tag: paleontological illustration

Deinonychus antirrhopus (Dromaeosauridae), Early Cretaceous, USA

Mixed media, 2018

42 x 29,5 cm

Moropus elatus (Chalicotheriidae), Miocene, North America

Oil paint on paper, 2019

42 x 29,5 cm

Hoplophoneus primaevus (Nimravidae), Early Oligocene, North America

Ink, 2019

29,5 x 21 cm

Summary of all fossil Alcelaphini-genera with selected species

Coloured pencil drawings, digitally composed; 2018

The reconstructions were made with kindly support by paleontologist Dr. Faysal Bibi from the Museum for Natural History Berlin.

Carcharocles megalodon (Otodontidae), Miocene – Pliocene, worldwide occurrence

Pencil, 2018/19

32 x 24 cm

The picture was drawn from a petrified specimen at the natural history museum in Waldenburg/Saxony.

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Menelikia lyrocera (Bovidae), Pliocene – Pleistocene, East Africa

Pencil, 2019

29,5 x 21 cm

The picture was drawn from two exhibits at the National Museum of Natural History (MNHN) in Paris.

Selenopeltis buchi (Odontopleuridae), Ordovician, Morocco

Coloured pencil, 2019

21 x 15 cm

The picture was drawn at the State Museum of Natural History Karlsruhe (SMNK)

Numidocapra crassicornis (Bovidae), Early Pleistocene, North- and East Africa

Fossils of this widespread species were found in Ethiopia, Djibouti and Algeria. Temporary it was placed in Caprinae. A special feature are the horns that curve foreward in side view. The name means “goat from Numidia”, an ancient kingdom in North Africa.

Coloured pencil, 2018

30 x 24 cm

Awashia suwai (Bovidae), Late Pliocene, Ethiopia

A. suwai was found at the Matabaietu formation which is located at the eponymous river Awash in Ethiopia. It lived there about 2,5 million years ago together with hominids like Australopithecus garhi and maybe Paranthropus aethiopicus.

Coloured pencil, 2018

30 x 24 cm

Damalops palaeindicus (Bovidae), Late Pliocene, South Asia

This is a notably species in two aspects: on the one hand it is the only known alcelaphine outside of Africa, on the other hand its horn form is very simple compared to other Alcelaphini. D. palaeindicus lived during the Pinjor formation about 2,5 million years ago in the area of today’s Siwaliks (southern Himalayas) in India. There are also remains from  the Republic of Tajikistan.

Coloured pencil, 2018

30 x 24 cm

Parmularius maasaicus (Bovidae); Pleistocene, East Africa

A medium-sized alcelaphine which was only found at Olduvai Gorge. I could be an ancestor of the extant hartebeests (Alcelaphus). It was named in honor of the Maasai people who live in the Olduvai Gorge area.

Coloured pencil, 2018

30 x 24 cm

Megalotragus kattwinkeli (Bovidae), Pleistocene, East Africa

M. kattwinkeli is with expected 250 kg one of the biggest alcelaphines and closely related to the modern wildebeest. The horn cores vary a lot in this species, from a more compressed type with their tips curving inwards in smaller specimens to a more elongated type in bigger individuals. There is also a tendency to a domed skull with hollows, but not as distinct like that in Megalotragus atopocranion. The locality of M. kattwinkeli is the famous Olduvai Gorge in northern Tanzania. Here it occured with Paranthropus boiseiHomo habilis and Homo erectus. It was named after the German paleontologist und neurologist Wilhelm Kattwinkel (1866 – 1935).

Coloured pencil, 2018

30 x 24 cm

Megalotragus atopocranion (Bovidae), Late Pleistocene, East Africa

This is the most popular of fossil alcelaphines because of a unique feature in mammals: a domed skull with hollows and air passages, which probably were used for infrasonic communication with fellows. M. atopocranion was a grazer, which was possibly hunted by modern man (Homo sapiens). It is better known under its synonym Rusingoryx atopocranion, named after its locartion Rusinga Island at Lake Victoria.

Coloured pencil, 2018

30 x 24 cm

Damalborea elisabethae (Bovidae), Middle Pliocene, East Africa

This prehistoric alcelaphine was discovered at the Hadar-Formation in Ethiopia. It lived there about 3,3 million years ago together amongst others with the hominin Australopithecus afarensis. It was named after paleontologist Elisabeth Vrba.

Coloured pencil, 2018

30 x 24 cm

Damalacra neanica (Bovidae), Early Pliocene, South Africa

An alcelaphine that lived about 5,3 – 3,6 million years ago. Probably their feeding niches range from browsers to mixed feeders. D. neanica was about as large as today’s blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi).

Coloured pencil, 2018

30 x 24 cm

Tyrannosaurus rex during dust bathing; Late Cretaceous, North America

Acrylic and Tempera on paper, 2018

40 x 30 cm

Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis); Pleistocene

Pastel, 2018

60 x 40 cm

Rajasaurus narmadensis (Abelisauridae) & Sanajeh indicus (Alethinophidia), Late Cretaceous, India

Pencil, 2018

29,5 x 21 cm

For “Prehistoric times” magazine, Issue 127

Platybelodon grangeri (Gomphotheriidae) mourning for his ancestors; Miocene, Asia

Ink, 2018

32 x 24 cm

For “Prehistoric times” magazine, issue 127

Wendiceratops pinhornensis (Centrosaurinae) & Stegoceras validum (Pachycephalosauria), Late Cretaceous, North America

Ink, 2018

29,5 x 21 cm

For “Prehistoric Times” magazine, issue 126

Dipterus valenciennesi (Dipnoi) & Asteroxylon eberfeldense (Lycopodiaceae), Middle Devonian, Europe

Acrylic & oil paint on paper, 2018

40 x 30 cm

Megatherium americanum (Folivora), a giant ground sloth depicted without fur because in theory with such a coat these animals would have been overheated in their relative warm environment. Nevertheless this reconstruction is speculative because there is no preserved skin of these animals.

Oil paint on paper, 2018

32 x 24 cm

Cetiosaurus oxoniensis (Sauropoda), Middle Jurassic, England

Pencil, 2017

29,5 x 21 cm

Machairodus giganteus (Machairodontinae), Pliocene, Eurasia

Ink, 2018

29,5 x 21 cm

Barbourofelis fricki (Carnivora), Late Miocene, North America

Ink, 2018

29,5 x 21 cm

For “Prehistoric Times” magazine, issue 125

Gomphotherium angustidens (Proboscidea) & Xenokeryx amidalae (Palaeomerycidae), Miocene, Europe

Ink, 2017

100 x 70 cm

Art & Vielfalt – Impressionen aus der Tierwelt, 2018, Museum für Naturkunde Magdeburg

Sinoceratops zhuchengensis (Centrosaurinae), Late Cretaceous, China

Watercolour, 2017

70 x 50 cm

Art & Vielfalt – Impressionen aus der Tierwelt, 2018, Museum für Naturkunde Magdeburg

Stegosaurus stenops (Thyreophora), Ornitholestes hermanni (Maniraptora) & Williamsonia sp. (Bennettitales), Late Jurassic, North America

Pencil, 2017

70 x 50 cm

Art & Vielfalt – Impressionen aus der Tierwelt, 2018, Museum für Naturkunde Magdeburg

Mastodonsaurus giganteus (Temnospondyli) & Thecodontosaurus antiquus (Sauropodomorpha), Upper Triassic, Europe

Watercolour & acrylic paint on paper, 2017/18

70 x 50 cm

Art & Vielfalt – Impressionen aus der Tierwelt, 2018, Museum für Naturkunde Magdeburg

Quetzalcoatlus northropi (Azhdarchidae) & Alamosaurus sanjuanensis (Titanosauria), Late Cretaceous, North America

Pencil, 2017

29,5 x 21 cm

Pteranodon (“Geosternbergia“) sternbergi (Pterodactyloidea), Late Cretaceous, North America

Pencil, 2017

29,5 x 21 cm

Rhamphorhynchus muensteri (Rhamphorhynchidae) & Leptolepides sprattiformis (Pachycormiformes), Late Jurassic, Europe

Pencil, 2017

29,5 x 21 cm

Ctenochasma elegans (Ctenochasmatidae), Late Jurassic, Europe

Pencil, 2017

29,5 x 21 cm

Batrachognathus volans (Anurognathidae) & Palaeolepidopterix aurea (Micropterigidae), Late Jurassic, Kazakhstan

Pencil, 2017

29,5 x 21 cm

Campylognathoides liasicus (Campylognathoididae) & Peloneustes philarchus (Pliosauroidea), Middle JurassicEurope

Pencil, 2017

29,5 x 21 cm

 

Eudimorphodon ranzii (Campylognathoididae), Late Triassic, Europe

Pencil, 2017

29,5 x 21 cm

South Island giant moa (Dinornis robustus) & Australasian pipit (Anthus novaeseelandiae), New Zealand

The moa were ratites in nine species in New Zealand, whereof Dinornis robustus was the biggest. They were hunted until extinction within 100 years by the ancestors of the Maori that migrated at the end of the 13th century.

Pencil, 2016/17

59,5 x 42 cm

Cycadeoidea sp. (Bennettitales) with leaves of Pterophyllum-type. The ground is mainly populated with herbaceous ferns of the genus Hausmannia. In the background are Araucaria, iguanodontians and Monanthesia sp.

Coloured pencil, 2017

48 x 34 cm

The picture was developed with friendly support of paleobotanist Dr. Lutz Kunzmann from Senckenberg Dresden.

Sebecus_icaeorhinus_Marcus_Burkhardt

Sebecus icaeorhinus was a crocodile that was about 2-3 metres long and lived in the Eocene in South America. It has several similarities with dinosaurs, so separate teeth were interpreted as teeth of theropods and a survival of dinosaurs in South America to the Tertiary was supposed until they were definitely collated.

Pencil, 2015

70 x 42 cm

Art & Vielfalt – Impressionen aus der Tierwelt, 2016, Museum für Naturkunde Magdeburg

Eurhinosaurus longirostris (Ichthyosauria), Early Jurassic, Europe

Pencil, 2016

40 x 29,5 cm

Art & Vielfalt – Impressionen aus der Tierwelt, 2016, Museum für Naturkunde Magdeburg

Eryops megacephalus (Temnospondyli), Early Permian, USA

Coloured pencil, 2014/16

42 x 29,5 cm

Corythosaurus casuarius (Lambeosaurinae), Late Cretaceous, North America

Pencil, 2013/16

29,5 x 21 cm

Styracosaurus albertensis (Centrosaurinae), Late Cretaceous, North America

Pencil, 2013

59,5 x 42 cm

Synthetoceras tricornatus (Protoceratidae), Miocene, North America
Ink, 2012
29,5 x 21 cm
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